The 1.5-5-day eastward waves in the upper stratosphere-mesosphere as observed by the Esrange meteor radar and the SABER instrument

E. G. Merzylakov, D. B. Pancheva

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Abstract

Data of neutral meridional wind obtained by the meteor radar at Esrange and data of temperature and pressure measured by the Sounding of the Atmosphere using Broadband Emission Radiometry (SABER) instrument on board the Thermosphere–Ionosphere–Mesosphere Energetics and Dynamics (TIMED) spacecraft were studied with respect to a day-to-day atmospheric variability with periods from 1.5 to 5 days. The detailed analysis was carried out for February 2004. Perturbations of the atmospheric parameters at the examined periods appeared mainly as eastward propagating waves of zonal wavenumbers 1 and 2. We suggested that these waves excited by the jet instability on both flanks of the polar night jet in the upper stratosphere and mesosphere interact non-linearly with each other, and this interaction generates secondary waves. The radar observed both primary and secondary waves at mesospheric heights. The data analysis supports this suggestion. Under conditions of weaker instability observed in February 2003 the perturbations of atmospheric parameters of periods from 1.5 to 5 days had smaller amplitudes at heights of the mesosphere than those in February 2004. It was found that the Eliassen-Palm fluxes calculated for the waves generated by the jet instability were mainly downward directed. This result suggests a possible dynamical influence of the mesospheric layers on the lower atmospheric levels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2102-2117
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Atmospheric and Solar-Terrestrial Physics
Volume69
Issue number17-18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

Keywords

  • Stratosphere-mesophere coupling
  • Jet instability
  • Wave-wave interaction
  • Eliassen-Palm flux
  • Polar vortex

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