Temperature dependence of the crystal and magnetic structures of the antiferromagnetic oxides Pb4Fe3O8X, X = Cl and Br

Christopher S. Knee, Mark T. Weller

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Abstract

The crystal and magnetic structures of the antiferromagnetic mineral hematophanite, Pb4Fe3O8Cl, and its bromide analogue Pb4Fe3O8Br have been studied over the temperature range 10–650 K using neutron powder diffraction. The materials consist of truncated Pb4Fe3O8 triple perovskite blocks separated by a CsCl-type Pb2X (X = Cl or Br) layer. The basal oxygen of the central FeO6 octahedra exhibits disorder consistent with alternate clockwise/anticlockwise rotations around the c-axis; the degree of rotation increasing upon cooling for both materials, i.e. from 10.3° at 650 K to 12.8° at 10 K for Pb4Fe3O8Br. The order of the Fe moments evolving as a function of temperature has allowed the TNéel (TN) of Pb4Fe3O8Br to be determined for the first time as 600(5) K, a value within experimental error of the TN for Pb4Fe3O8Cl. The moments are coupled antiferromagnetically along all three crystallographic directions, resulting in a magnetic structure related to that of the nuclear structure by amag = √2anuc and cmag = 2cnuc. The magnetic structure is refined with spins perpendicular to the c-axis, giving ordered moments of 3.94(3) μB for Pb4Fe3O8Cl and 4.10(3) μB for Pb4Fe3O8Br at 10 K consistent with the presence of high spin Fe3+.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2350-2357
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001

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Magnetic structure
Oxides
Crystal structure
Neutron powder diffraction
Bromides
Perovskite
Temperature
Minerals
Oxygen
Cooling

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Temperature dependence of the crystal and magnetic structures of the antiferromagnetic oxides Pb4Fe3O8X, X = Cl and Br. / Knee, Christopher S.; Weller, Mark T.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 11, No. 9, 2001, p. 2350-2357.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - The crystal and magnetic structures of the antiferromagnetic mineral hematophanite, Pb4Fe3O8Cl, and its bromide analogue Pb4Fe3O8Br have been studied over the temperature range 10–650 K using neutron powder diffraction. The materials consist of truncated Pb4Fe3O8 triple perovskite blocks separated by a CsCl-type Pb2X (X = Cl or Br) layer. The basal oxygen of the central FeO6 octahedra exhibits disorder consistent with alternate clockwise/anticlockwise rotations around the c-axis; the degree of rotation increasing upon cooling for both materials, i.e. from 10.3° at 650 K to 12.8° at 10 K for Pb4Fe3O8Br. The order of the Fe moments evolving as a function of temperature has allowed the TNéel (TN) of Pb4Fe3O8Br to be determined for the first time as 600(5) K, a value within experimental error of the TN for Pb4Fe3O8Cl. The moments are coupled antiferromagnetically along all three crystallographic directions, resulting in a magnetic structure related to that of the nuclear structure by amag = √2anuc and cmag = 2cnuc. The magnetic structure is refined with spins perpendicular to the c-axis, giving ordered moments of 3.94(3) μB for Pb4Fe3O8Cl and 4.10(3) μB for Pb4Fe3O8Br at 10 K consistent with the presence of high spin Fe3+.

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