This study examined (in)congruences between beliefs and practices of EFL university teachers on in-class oral corrective feedback (OCF). The participants were 20 university English language teachers from a private university in Turkey. Data were collected via video-recorded non-participant detached observation, a task about OCF to determine the beliefs of the teachers, and a stimulated recall interview. The results showed incongruence between what the teachers said they believed and what they did. However, teachers’ beliefs and practices were similar regarding whether the errors should be corrected, when errors should be corrected, and who should correct them. Particularly notable in this study was the finding that those teachers with the greatest incongruence almost always stood by their decisions, even after they watched their unsuccessful OCF practices.