Tailoring Structural Diversity in Dimethyltin Carboxylates by the pH-Controlled Hydrothermal Approach

Ravi Shankar, Archishmati Dubey, Amanpreet Kaur Jassal, Ekta Jakhar, Gabriele Kociok-Köhn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (SciVal)


The study presents a rational synthesis of new dimethyltin carboxylates, Me 2Sn(H 2btec) ( 1), Me 2Sn(btec) 0.5( 2), [Me 2Sn(H 2O) 2(btec) 0.5]·H 2O ( 3), and [{Me 2SnOSn(OH)Me 2}(Me 2SnOH)(btec) 0.5]·H 2O ( 4), derived from tetratopic 1,2,4,5-benzenetetracarboxylic acid (H 4btec). The method relies upon hydrothermal reaction (130 °C, 72 h) of dimethyltin dichloride and H 4btec under optimized pH (2 < pH < 8) conditions that allow control over dimethyltin speciation in aqueous medium as well as degree of deprotonation of the tetrafuntional carboxylic acid. The formation of a three-dimensional assembly in 1 is assisted by the bridging bidentate (μ 2) mode of the carboxylate and O-H···O hydrogen bonds involving -COOH groups. The structure represents a unique example of the diorganotin framework derived from a partially deprotonated polyfuntional carboxylic acid. The structure of 2 adopts a three-dimensional motif wherein each pair of μ 2-carboxylate groups (designated by C1 and C4) of the tetraanionic ligand form different spatial arrangements. For 3, the formation of one-dimensional motif with eight-coordinated tin atoms is assisted by the anisobidentate character of the carboxylate groups. The structure of 4 includes linear chains comprised of [Me 2Sn(μ 2-OH)] 2 and the carboxylate ligand which extend to a layered motif with symmetrically substituted ladder-like distannoxanes acting as linkers. The underlying nets of 1, 2, and 4 exhibit sqc11, scu(sqc170), and sql topologies, respectively. Notably, these assemblies are extremely robust and show no sign of degradation upon exposure to neutral as well as weakly acidic/basic aqueous medium for 7 days.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10955-10964
Number of pages10
JournalInorganic Chemistry
Issue number16
Early online date5 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - 19 Aug 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry


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