Urbanization today is a global process that "shrinks" and "densifies" urban areas, whilst significantly and chaotically expanding cities. As a result, many problems arise, including the reduction or destruction of green spaces. This study proposes the systematization of urban landscapes at the global, macro, local, and micro levels to improve the sustainable development of urban areas. The article also discusses the impact of the urbanized landscape on the level of happiness and quality of life of urban residents, and the possibility of their participation in the development of greening of urban spaces. The purpose of the article: the research goal is to propose a concept for the systematization of the urbanized landscape, which is based on the vector of sustainable development in order to improve the level of happiness and quality of life of people in the largest cities. The methods of the scientific work: the methods of complex and system analysis, the historical method, cartography, photographic fixation, work with archives, the study of literary data, etc. were used. The main results: the result presents the systematization of urban landscapes as a single system, the identification of the main components of the four levels of this system, and their characteristics in terms of their impact on the level of happiness and quality of life of people. Taking into account the fact that the level of happiness of each individual or community depends on many factors and is a fairly broad concept, in this article, this term is understood as satisfaction with the degree of saturation with natural elements in the environment. At the same time, the quality of life is the ability of a person (or community) to directly contact with nature and its various constituent elements in the urban environment.
- Built Environment
- Quality of Life
- Sustainable Urban Development
- Urban Landscapes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Civil and Structural Engineering