Systematic parameterizations of minimal models of microswimming

Benjamin J Walker, K. Ishimoto, E. A. Gaffney

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Abstract

Simple models are used throughout the physical sciences as a means of developing intuition, capturing phenomenology, and qualitatively reproducing observations. In studies of microswimming, simple force-dipole models are commonplace, arising generically as the leading-order, far-field descriptions of a range of complex biological and artificial swimmers. Though many of these swimmers are associated with intricate, time varying flow fields and changing shapes, we often turn to models with constant, averaged parameters for intuition, basic understanding, and back-of-the-envelope prediction. In this brief study, via an elementary multitimescale analysis, we examine whether the standard use of a priori-averaged parameters in minimal microswimmer models is justified, asking if their behavioural predictions qualitatively align with those of models that incorporate rapid temporal variation through simple extensions. In doing so, we find that widespread, seemingly innocuous choices of parameters can give rise to qualitatively incorrect conclusions from simple models, with the potential to alter our intuition for swimming on the microscale. Further, we highlight and exemplify how a straightforward asymptotic analysis of the non-autonomous models can result in effective, systematic parametrizations of minimal models of microswimming.

Original languageEnglish
Article number034102
JournalPhysical Review Fluids
Volume8
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 Mar 2023

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© 2023 authors. Published by the American Physical Society. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/"Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International license. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

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