Jordan and Lebanon have both generously received refugees from Syria since the outbreak of the crisis in 2011. Of all neighbouring countries they host the largest number of Syrian refugees relative to their overall populations. Yet after years of relative openness new regulations have made entry and movement more difficult while making lives more precarious. Syrian refugees have also been severely affected by funding shortages in the global humanitarian response. The resulting squeeze has led to an increasing sense of despair and many have attempted to leave both countries. The situation, however, is arguably worse in Lebanon than it is in Jordan. Syrian refugees in Jordan have experienced glimpses of hope since the February 2016 donors conference, which promised to facilitate their access to the labour market. This article introduces some parallels, as well as notable differences in the way the Syrian refugee crisis has evolved in both countries, particularly over the course of 2015-6.
|Title of host publication||IEMed Mediterranean Yearbook 2016|
|Place of Publication||Barcelona|
|Publisher||European Institute of the Mediterranean|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2016|
Lenner, K., & Susanne, S. (2016). Syrian Refugees in Jordan and Lebanon: between refuge and ongoing deprivation? In IEMed Mediterranean Yearbook 2016 (pp. 122-126). European Institute of the Mediterranean. http://www.iemed.org/observatori/arees-danalisi/arxius-adjunts/anuari/med.2016/IEMed_MedYearBook2016_Refugges%20Jordan%20Lebanon_Lenner_Schmelter.pdf