Synthesis, Structure and CVD Studies of the Group 13 Complexes [Me2M{tfacnac}] [M = Al, Ga, In; Htfacnac = F3CC(OH)CHC(CH3)NCH2CH2OCH3]

Samuel D. Cosham, Jeff A. Hamilton, Michael S. Hill, Andrew L. Johnson, Kieran C. Molloy

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A family of group 13 metal dimethyl complexes of the general form [Me2M{ MeC(O)CHC(NCH2CH2OMe)CF3}] (M = Al (2), Ga (3) or In (4)) have been synthesised by reaction of the isolated free ligand (1) with the corresponding trimethyl-metal reagents. The isolated complexes (2-4) were characterised by elemental analysis, NMR spectroscopy, and the molecular structures of the complexes were determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction which reveals the compounds to be monomeric 5 coordinate complexes with coordination of the pendent ether bearing lariat in the solid state. Thermogravimetric analysis showed complexes 2-4 all to have residual masses, at 200 °C, of 2.4% or less well below the value for the respective metal oxides, and vapour pressure measurements show the indium complex (4) to be an order of magnitude less volatile (0.09 Torr at 80 oC) than the Al (2) or Ga (3) derivatives despite being isoleptic systems. Complexes 2-4 have all been investigated for their utility in the LP-MOCVD growth of the respective metal oxides in the absence of additional oxidant at 400 °C on silicon substrates.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1712-1719
JournalEuropean Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Issue number11
Early online date18 Mar 2016
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2016


  • Aluminium
  • Gallium
  • Indium
  • Oxides, Chemical Vapour Deposition.


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