Syntheses of nickel sulfides from 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane nickel(II)dithiolates and their application in the oxygen evolution reaction

Amita Singh, Reena Yadav, Gabriele Kociok-Köhn, Manoj Trivedi, Uday Pratap Azad, Ashish Kumar Singh, Abhinav Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this work, four heteroleptic Ni(II)dppe dithiolates complexes, [Ni(NED)(dppe)] (Ni-NED), [Ni(ecda)(dppe)] (Ni-ecda), [Ni(i-mnt)(dppe)] (Ni-i-mnt) and [Ni(cdc)(dppe)] (Ni-cdc) (dppe = 1,2-bis(diphenylphosphino)ethane; NED = 1-nitroethylene-2,2-dithiolate; ecda = 1-ethoxycarbonyl-1-cyanoethyelene-2,2-dithiolate; i-mnt = 1,1-dicyanoethylene-2,2-dithiolate and cdc = cyanodithioimidocarbonate), have been synthesized and characterized by analytical and spectroscopic techniques (Elemental analysis, vibrational, electronic absorption and multinuclear NMR spectroscopy). Structural characterization of all the four complexes by single crystal X-ray diffraction study suggests distortion in regular square planar geometry at Ni(II) center by coordination with two phosphorus of the dppe and two sulfur of the dithiolate ligands, respectively. The decomposition of all four complexes have been done to produce nickel sulfides and the resulting nickel sulfides have been utilized for electrocatalytic oxygen evolution reaction (OER). The nickel sulfide obtained by decomposing Ni-cdc shows best activity with overpotential η = 222 mV at j = 10 mA cm-2 and a Tafel slope of 44.2 mV dec-1 while other catalysts shows η > 470 mV at j = 5 mA cm-2 and η > 600 mV at j = 10 mA cm-2 at loading of 1.3 mg cm-2.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5985-5995
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume43
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Mar 2018

Keywords

  • Dithiolate
  • Nickel sulfides
  • OER
  • Single-source precursors
  • X-ray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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