Sustainable machining: Recent technological advances

Alborz Shokrani, Pedro Arrazola, Dirk Biermann, Paul Mativenga, I S Jawahir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Multiple international organizations and many governments around the world have declared climate emergency. There is a pressing need to minimize the environmental impacts of human activities including manufacturing processes. Machining by mechanical cutting is a fundamental manufacturing process and minimizing and eliminating its environmental impacts is vital. In this keynote paper, sustainability in the context of machining is identified. The resources used in machining have been categorized and the social and environmental impacts and potential methods to reduce them have been identified. The findings are critically discussed and the gaps and challenges for future research direction are highlighted.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCIRP Annals - Manufacturing Technology
Publication statusAcceptance date - 6 Jun 2024


  • Sustainable machining
  • sustainable manufacturing
  • carbon accounting
  • Sustainability
  • Waste reduction
  • Cutting
  • Cutting tools
  • Cobalt
  • tungsten carbide
  • Energy
  • Cutting fluids
  • Lubricants
  • Sustainable development goals (SDGs)
  • sustainable production

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