Survival of the cheapest

Julian F V Vincent

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

65 Citations (SciVal)


The use of materials and energy drawn from both animals and plants to fabricate durable materials and cheap structures is discussed. The low usage of energy appeared under science, industry as well as the society. The hedgehogs and porcupines are compared to understand and suggest new concepts that can be misled by preconceptions. The supply of materials can be made inexhaustible by recycling them properly and readily using the available materials.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-41
Number of pages18
JournalMaterials Today
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2002


  • Costs
  • Ecology
  • Composite structures
  • Materials science
  • Liquid crystals
  • Biomimetic materials
  • Recycling


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