Surfactant effects on the synthesis of porous cerium oxide from a type IV deep eutectic solvent

Iva Manasi, Mohammad R Andalibi, Rémi Castaing, Laura Torrente Murciano, Karen Edler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

In this work we present a novel, low temperature and green method for atom-efficient solvothermal synthesis of crystalline, micelle templated cerium IV oxide (ceria) from a type IV deep eutectic solvent (DES) comprising a hydrated cerium containing metal salt, cerium(III) nitrate hexahydrate (Ce(NO3)3·6H2O), and a hydrogen bond donor, urea, in a molar ratio of 1 : 3.5. Self-assembled nanostructures of ionic and non-ionic surfactants have been recently reported in a cerium nitrate hexahydrate : urea DES [Manasi et al., J. Chem. Phys., 2021, 155, 084902], which can be exploited to produce nano-templated ceria from these solution. In this work, we have used high concentration (20% w/w) solutions of C-12 and C-16 alkyl chain length cationic surfactants (CnTAB and CnTANO3) and C-16 alkyl chain length non-ionic surfactant BrijC10 in the DES to alter the porosity of the cerium oxide produced. The characterisation of the cerium oxide has been carried out using SEM/TEM, N2 sorption, SAXS and TPR to understand and quantify the nature of the crystallinity, morphology and porosity along with CO oxidation for the catalytic activity of the material. The cerium oxide produced by this method has porosity on the 2–5 nm scale and a BET surface area between 40 and 150 m2 g−1 depending on the amount and type of surfactant. Materials prepared using halide-free cationic surfactants show superior catalytic activity and low activation energies along with high porosity and present potential for improved ceria performance in many industrial applications.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18422-18430
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume10
Issue number35
Early online date8 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sept 2022

Bibliographical note

EPSRC: EP/S0207721 AND EP/S021019/1

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