Surface morphology and surface energy of anode materials influence power outputs in a multi-channel mediatorless bio-photovoltaic (BPV) system

P. Bombelli, S.J.L. Rowden, C.J. Howe, A.J. McCormick, M. Zarrouati, R.J. Thorne, K. Schneider, P.J. Cameron, A. Ali, K. Yunus, A.C. Fisher, D. Ian Wilson

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Abstract

Bio-photovoltaic cells (BPVs) are a new photo-bio-electrochemical technology for harnessing solar energy using the photosynthetic activity of autotrophic organisms. Currently power outputs from BPVs are generally low and suffer from low efficiencies. However, a better understanding of the electrochemical interactions between the microbes and conductive materials will be likely to lead to increased power yields. In the current study, the fresh-water, filamentous cyanobacterium Pseudanabaena limnetica (also known as Oscillatoria limnetica) was investigated for exoelectrogenic activity. Biofilms of P. limnetica showed a significant photo response during light-dark cycling in BPVs under mediatorless conditions. A multi-channel BPV device was developed to compare quantitatively the performance of photosynthetic biofilms of this species using a variety of different anodic conductive materials: indium tin oxide-coated polyethylene terephthalate (ITO), stainless steel (SS), glass coated with a conductive polymer (PANI), and carbon paper (CP). Although biofilm growth rates were generally comparable on all materials tested, the amplitude of the photo response and achievable maximum power outputs were significantly different. ITO and SS demonstrated the largest photo responses, whereas CP showed the lowest power outputs under both light and dark conditions. Furthermore, differences in the ratios of light:dark power outputs indicated that the electrochemical interactions between photosynthetic microbes and the anode may differ under light and dark conditions depending on the anodic material used. Comparisons between BPV performances and material characteristics revealed that surface roughness and surface energy, particularly the ratio of non-polar to polar interactions (the CQ ratio), may be more important than available surface area in determining biocompatibility and maximum power outputs in microbial electrochemical systems. Notably, CP was readily outperformed by all other conductive materials tested, indicating that carbon may not be an optimal substrate for microbial fuel cell operation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12221-12229
Number of pages9
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume14
Issue number35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2012

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Interfacial energy
Conductive materials
surface energy
Surface morphology
Anodes
Biofilms
anodes
Carbon
biofilms
output
Stainless Steel
carbon
microorganisms
ITO (semiconductors)
stainless steels
Microbial fuel cells
Polyethylene Terephthalates
energy
Photovoltaic cells
fresh water

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Bombelli, P., Rowden, S. J. L., Howe, C. J., McCormick, A. J., Zarrouati, M., Thorne, R. J., ... Ian Wilson, D. (2012). Surface morphology and surface energy of anode materials influence power outputs in a multi-channel mediatorless bio-photovoltaic (BPV) system. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 14(35), 12221-12229. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cp42526b

Surface morphology and surface energy of anode materials influence power outputs in a multi-channel mediatorless bio-photovoltaic (BPV) system. / Bombelli, P.; Rowden, S.J.L.; Howe, C.J.; McCormick, A.J.; Zarrouati, M.; Thorne, R.J.; Schneider, K.; Cameron, P.J.; Ali, A.; Yunus, K.; Fisher, A.C.; Ian Wilson, D.

In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, Vol. 14, No. 35, 21.09.2012, p. 12221-12229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bombelli, P, Rowden, SJL, Howe, CJ, McCormick, AJ, Zarrouati, M, Thorne, RJ, Schneider, K, Cameron, PJ, Ali, A, Yunus, K, Fisher, AC & Ian Wilson, D 2012, 'Surface morphology and surface energy of anode materials influence power outputs in a multi-channel mediatorless bio-photovoltaic (BPV) system', Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, vol. 14, no. 35, pp. 12221-12229. https://doi.org/10.1039/c2cp42526b
Bombelli, P. ; Rowden, S.J.L. ; Howe, C.J. ; McCormick, A.J. ; Zarrouati, M. ; Thorne, R.J. ; Schneider, K. ; Cameron, P.J. ; Ali, A. ; Yunus, K. ; Fisher, A.C. ; Ian Wilson, D. / Surface morphology and surface energy of anode materials influence power outputs in a multi-channel mediatorless bio-photovoltaic (BPV) system. In: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics. 2012 ; Vol. 14, No. 35. pp. 12221-12229.
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