Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibres

T A Birks, D Bahloul, T P M Man, W J Wadsworth, P St J Russell

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Summary form only given. The key feature of the microstructured fibre is the large index step between core (silica) and cladding (mostly air). This permits confinement in a very small core and hence (a) high intensity for a given power (or pulse energy), and (b) zero or anomalous dispersion at the pump wavelength, despite the strong normal dispersion of bulk silica. The disadvantage is the need for the special fibre with its tiny core. Having obtained fibre (perhaps at some expense), the user finds input coupling problematic and sensitive to mechanical instabilities, with high intensities that can degrade the endfaces. A large index step is also found in conventional telecoms fibre tapered (heated and stretched) to a narrow uniform waist /spl sim/2 /spl mu/m in diameter and several cm long. Tapering need not increase the loss by more than 0.1 dB. As a waveguide, the waist is like the core of the microstructured fibre - a thread of glass surrounded by air - and we found that such a structure similarly broadened fs pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser to a two-octave supercontinuum. The output was in the fundamental mode even where the fibre itself was multimode.

Conference

ConferenceLasers and Electro-Optics, 2002. CLEO '02. Technical Digest. Summaries of Papers Presented at the
Period1/01/02 → …

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fibers
silicon dioxide
threads
air
octaves
tapering
pulses
sapphire
pumps
waveguides
glass
output
wavelengths
lasers
energy

Keywords

  • waveguide
  • loss
  • fundamental mode
  • tapered fibres
  • Ti
  • two-octave supercontinuum
  • microstructured fibre core
  • sapphire laser
  • 2 micron
  • glass thread
  • supercontinuum generation
  • multimode
  • spectral line broadening
  • fs pulses
  • air
  • high-speed optical techniques
  • Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/
  • narrow uniform waist
  • optical fibre losses

Cite this

Birks, T. A., Bahloul, D., Man, T. P. M., Wadsworth, W. J., & Russell, P. S. J. (2002). Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibres. 486-487 vol.1. Paper presented at Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2002. CLEO '02. Technical Digest. Summaries of Papers Presented at the, .

Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibres. / Birks, T A; Bahloul, D; Man, T P M; Wadsworth, W J; Russell, P St J.

2002. 486-487 vol.1 Paper presented at Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2002. CLEO '02. Technical Digest. Summaries of Papers Presented at the, .

Research output: Contribution to conferencePaper

Birks, TA, Bahloul, D, Man, TPM, Wadsworth, WJ & Russell, PSJ 2002, 'Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibres' Paper presented at Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2002. CLEO '02. Technical Digest. Summaries of Papers Presented at the, 1/01/02, pp. 486-487 vol.1.
Birks TA, Bahloul D, Man TPM, Wadsworth WJ, Russell PSJ. Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibres. 2002. Paper presented at Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2002. CLEO '02. Technical Digest. Summaries of Papers Presented at the, .
Birks, T A ; Bahloul, D ; Man, T P M ; Wadsworth, W J ; Russell, P St J. / Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibres. Paper presented at Lasers and Electro-Optics, 2002. CLEO '02. Technical Digest. Summaries of Papers Presented at the, .
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N2 - Summary form only given. The key feature of the microstructured fibre is the large index step between core (silica) and cladding (mostly air). This permits confinement in a very small core and hence (a) high intensity for a given power (or pulse energy), and (b) zero or anomalous dispersion at the pump wavelength, despite the strong normal dispersion of bulk silica. The disadvantage is the need for the special fibre with its tiny core. Having obtained fibre (perhaps at some expense), the user finds input coupling problematic and sensitive to mechanical instabilities, with high intensities that can degrade the endfaces. A large index step is also found in conventional telecoms fibre tapered (heated and stretched) to a narrow uniform waist /spl sim/2 /spl mu/m in diameter and several cm long. Tapering need not increase the loss by more than 0.1 dB. As a waveguide, the waist is like the core of the microstructured fibre - a thread of glass surrounded by air - and we found that such a structure similarly broadened fs pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser to a two-octave supercontinuum. The output was in the fundamental mode even where the fibre itself was multimode.

AB - Summary form only given. The key feature of the microstructured fibre is the large index step between core (silica) and cladding (mostly air). This permits confinement in a very small core and hence (a) high intensity for a given power (or pulse energy), and (b) zero or anomalous dispersion at the pump wavelength, despite the strong normal dispersion of bulk silica. The disadvantage is the need for the special fibre with its tiny core. Having obtained fibre (perhaps at some expense), the user finds input coupling problematic and sensitive to mechanical instabilities, with high intensities that can degrade the endfaces. A large index step is also found in conventional telecoms fibre tapered (heated and stretched) to a narrow uniform waist /spl sim/2 /spl mu/m in diameter and several cm long. Tapering need not increase the loss by more than 0.1 dB. As a waveguide, the waist is like the core of the microstructured fibre - a thread of glass surrounded by air - and we found that such a structure similarly broadened fs pulses from a Ti:sapphire laser to a two-octave supercontinuum. The output was in the fundamental mode even where the fibre itself was multimode.

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KW - Ti

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KW - microstructured fibre core

KW - sapphire laser

KW - 2 micron

KW - glass thread

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KW - multimode

KW - spectral line broadening

KW - fs pulses

KW - air

KW - high-speed optical techniques

KW - Al/sub 2/O/sub 3/

KW - narrow uniform waist

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