Sulfur Promotion in Au/C Catalyzed Acetylene Hydrochlorination

Simon R. Dawson, Samuel Pattisson, Grazia Malta, Nicholas F. Dummer, Louise R. Smith, Anna Lazaridou, Christopher S. Allen, Thomas E. Davies, Simon J. Freakley, Simon A. Kondrat, Christopher J. Kiely, Peter Johnston, Graham J. Hutchings

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The formation of highly active and stable acetylene hydrochlorination catalysts is of great industrial importance. The successful replacement of the highly toxic mercuric chloride catalyst with gold has led to a flurry of research in this area. One key aspect, which led to the commercialization of the gold catalyst is the use of thiosulphate as a stabilizing ligand. This study investigates the use of a range of sulfur containing compounds as promoters for production of highly active Au/C catalysts. Promotion is observed across a range of metal sulfates, non-metal sulfates, and sulfuric acid treatments. This observed enhancement can be optimized by careful consideration of either pre- or post-treatments, concentration of dopants used, and modification of washing steps. Pre-treatment of the carbon support with sulfuric acid (0.76 m) resulted in the most active Au/C in this series with an acetylene conversion of ≈70% at 200 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2007221
JournalSmall
Volume17
Issue number16
Early online date25 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Apr 2021

Keywords

  • acetylene
  • gold
  • hydrochlorination
  • sulfur
  • VCM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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