Success and failure in the incorporation of gold nanoparticles inside ferri/ferrocyanide thermogalvanic cells

Hassan A.H. Alzahrani, Mark A. Buckingham, Frank Marken, Leigh Aldous

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Thermogalvanic systems represent a means to convert a temperature gradient into electricity, using only redox chemistry. However, the kinetics of electron transfer and physical mass transport of the redox couples are known limitations. In this study we present self-contained gelled thermogalvanic cells (or thermocells) containing the ferricyanide/ferrocyanide redox couple, which additionally have gold nanoparticles either immobilised at the gel/electrode interface, or distributed throughout the entire gel. Both methods of introducing the gold nanoparticles result in an apparent electrocatalytic improvement, as demonstrated by significant decreases in the electron transfer resistance. However, when used as thermogalvanic cells, only minor improvements were observed in power generation, and relatively rapid dissolution of the gold nanoparticles was observed, to yield passivating gold analogues of Prussian blue. Therefore successful preparation and short-term improvements have been demonstrated, but are offset by long-term stability issues. The relatively surprising instability of the generally inert gold nanoparticles in the presence of ferricyanide/ferrocyanide, particularly under thermogalvanic conditions, is of particular note.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-45
Number of pages5
JournalElectrochemistry Communications
Volume102
Early online date9 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Keywords

  • Gold nanoparticles
  • Thermoelectrochemistry
  • Thermogalvanic cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry

Cite this

Success and failure in the incorporation of gold nanoparticles inside ferri/ferrocyanide thermogalvanic cells. / Alzahrani, Hassan A.H.; Buckingham, Mark A.; Marken, Frank; Aldous, Leigh.

In: Electrochemistry Communications, Vol. 102, 01.05.2019, p. 41-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{28358987a28e4875874f63c79ba59892,
title = "Success and failure in the incorporation of gold nanoparticles inside ferri/ferrocyanide thermogalvanic cells",
abstract = "Thermogalvanic systems represent a means to convert a temperature gradient into electricity, using only redox chemistry. However, the kinetics of electron transfer and physical mass transport of the redox couples are known limitations. In this study we present self-contained gelled thermogalvanic cells (or thermocells) containing the ferricyanide/ferrocyanide redox couple, which additionally have gold nanoparticles either immobilised at the gel/electrode interface, or distributed throughout the entire gel. Both methods of introducing the gold nanoparticles result in an apparent electrocatalytic improvement, as demonstrated by significant decreases in the electron transfer resistance. However, when used as thermogalvanic cells, only minor improvements were observed in power generation, and relatively rapid dissolution of the gold nanoparticles was observed, to yield passivating gold analogues of Prussian blue. Therefore successful preparation and short-term improvements have been demonstrated, but are offset by long-term stability issues. The relatively surprising instability of the generally inert gold nanoparticles in the presence of ferricyanide/ferrocyanide, particularly under thermogalvanic conditions, is of particular note.",
keywords = "Gold nanoparticles, Thermoelectrochemistry, Thermogalvanic cells",
author = "Alzahrani, {Hassan A.H.} and Buckingham, {Mark A.} and Frank Marken and Leigh Aldous",
year = "2019",
month = "5",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.elecom.2019.03.007",
language = "English",
volume = "102",
pages = "41--45",
journal = "Electrochemistry Communications",
issn = "1388-2481",
publisher = "Elsevier",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Success and failure in the incorporation of gold nanoparticles inside ferri/ferrocyanide thermogalvanic cells

AU - Alzahrani, Hassan A.H.

AU - Buckingham, Mark A.

AU - Marken, Frank

AU - Aldous, Leigh

PY - 2019/5/1

Y1 - 2019/5/1

N2 - Thermogalvanic systems represent a means to convert a temperature gradient into electricity, using only redox chemistry. However, the kinetics of electron transfer and physical mass transport of the redox couples are known limitations. In this study we present self-contained gelled thermogalvanic cells (or thermocells) containing the ferricyanide/ferrocyanide redox couple, which additionally have gold nanoparticles either immobilised at the gel/electrode interface, or distributed throughout the entire gel. Both methods of introducing the gold nanoparticles result in an apparent electrocatalytic improvement, as demonstrated by significant decreases in the electron transfer resistance. However, when used as thermogalvanic cells, only minor improvements were observed in power generation, and relatively rapid dissolution of the gold nanoparticles was observed, to yield passivating gold analogues of Prussian blue. Therefore successful preparation and short-term improvements have been demonstrated, but are offset by long-term stability issues. The relatively surprising instability of the generally inert gold nanoparticles in the presence of ferricyanide/ferrocyanide, particularly under thermogalvanic conditions, is of particular note.

AB - Thermogalvanic systems represent a means to convert a temperature gradient into electricity, using only redox chemistry. However, the kinetics of electron transfer and physical mass transport of the redox couples are known limitations. In this study we present self-contained gelled thermogalvanic cells (or thermocells) containing the ferricyanide/ferrocyanide redox couple, which additionally have gold nanoparticles either immobilised at the gel/electrode interface, or distributed throughout the entire gel. Both methods of introducing the gold nanoparticles result in an apparent electrocatalytic improvement, as demonstrated by significant decreases in the electron transfer resistance. However, when used as thermogalvanic cells, only minor improvements were observed in power generation, and relatively rapid dissolution of the gold nanoparticles was observed, to yield passivating gold analogues of Prussian blue. Therefore successful preparation and short-term improvements have been demonstrated, but are offset by long-term stability issues. The relatively surprising instability of the generally inert gold nanoparticles in the presence of ferricyanide/ferrocyanide, particularly under thermogalvanic conditions, is of particular note.

KW - Gold nanoparticles

KW - Thermoelectrochemistry

KW - Thermogalvanic cells

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85063571933&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.elecom.2019.03.007

DO - 10.1016/j.elecom.2019.03.007

M3 - Article

VL - 102

SP - 41

EP - 45

JO - Electrochemistry Communications

JF - Electrochemistry Communications

SN - 1388-2481

ER -