Subsonic phase transition waves in bistable lattice models with small spinodal region

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Abstract

Although phase transition waves in atomic chains with double-well potential play a fundamental role in materials science, very little is known about their mathematical properties. In particular, the only available results about waves with large amplitudes concern chains with piecewise-quadratic pair potential. In this paper we consider perturbations of a bi-quadratic potential and prove that the corresponding three-parameter family of waves persists as long as the perturbation is small and localized with respect to the strain variable. As a standard Lyapunov--Schmidt reduction cannot be used due to the presence of an essential spectrum, we characterize the perturbation of the wave as a fixed point of a nonlinear and nonlocal operator and show that this operator is contractive on a small ball in a suitable function space. Moreover, we derive a uniqueness result for phase transition waves with certain properties and discuss the kinetic relations.
LanguageEnglish
Pages2625-2645
Number of pages21
JournalSIAM Journal on Mathematical Analysis (SIMA)
Volume45
Issue number5
DOIs
StatusPublished - 3 Sep 2013

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Lattice Model
Phase Transition
Phase transitions
Perturbation
Kinetic Relation
Lyapunov-Schmidt Reduction
Double-well Potential
Materials Science
Essential Spectrum
Materials science
Operator
Function Space
Ball
Uniqueness
Fixed point
Kinetics

Cite this

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title = "Subsonic phase transition waves in bistable lattice models with small spinodal region",
abstract = "Although phase transition waves in atomic chains with double-well potential play a fundamental role in materials science, very little is known about their mathematical properties. In particular, the only available results about waves with large amplitudes concern chains with piecewise-quadratic pair potential. In this paper we consider perturbations of a bi-quadratic potential and prove that the corresponding three-parameter family of waves persists as long as the perturbation is small and localized with respect to the strain variable. As a standard Lyapunov--Schmidt reduction cannot be used due to the presence of an essential spectrum, we characterize the perturbation of the wave as a fixed point of a nonlinear and nonlocal operator and show that this operator is contractive on a small ball in a suitable function space. Moreover, we derive a uniqueness result for phase transition waves with certain properties and discuss the kinetic relations.",
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T1 - Subsonic phase transition waves in bistable lattice models with small spinodal region

AU - Herrmann,Michael

AU - Matthies,Karsten

AU - Schwetlick,Harmut

AU - Zimmer,Johannes

PY - 2013/9/3

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N2 - Although phase transition waves in atomic chains with double-well potential play a fundamental role in materials science, very little is known about their mathematical properties. In particular, the only available results about waves with large amplitudes concern chains with piecewise-quadratic pair potential. In this paper we consider perturbations of a bi-quadratic potential and prove that the corresponding three-parameter family of waves persists as long as the perturbation is small and localized with respect to the strain variable. As a standard Lyapunov--Schmidt reduction cannot be used due to the presence of an essential spectrum, we characterize the perturbation of the wave as a fixed point of a nonlinear and nonlocal operator and show that this operator is contractive on a small ball in a suitable function space. Moreover, we derive a uniqueness result for phase transition waves with certain properties and discuss the kinetic relations.

AB - Although phase transition waves in atomic chains with double-well potential play a fundamental role in materials science, very little is known about their mathematical properties. In particular, the only available results about waves with large amplitudes concern chains with piecewise-quadratic pair potential. In this paper we consider perturbations of a bi-quadratic potential and prove that the corresponding three-parameter family of waves persists as long as the perturbation is small and localized with respect to the strain variable. As a standard Lyapunov--Schmidt reduction cannot be used due to the presence of an essential spectrum, we characterize the perturbation of the wave as a fixed point of a nonlinear and nonlocal operator and show that this operator is contractive on a small ball in a suitable function space. Moreover, we derive a uniqueness result for phase transition waves with certain properties and discuss the kinetic relations.

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