Sub parts-per-billion detection of ethane in a 30-meters long mid-IR Antiresonant Hollow-Core Fiber

Piotr Jaworski, Karol Krzempek, Paweł Kozioł, Dakun Wu, Fei Yu, Piotr Bojęś, Grzegorz Dudzik, Meisong Liao, Jonathan Knight, Krzysztof Abramski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (SciVal)


In this work, we present the first demonstration of a gas sensor utilizing the Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy technique and a mid-IR guiding Antiresonant Hollow-Core Fiber with a record length of 30 m. The self-fabricated ARHCF was used as an air-tight, low-volume absorption cell delivering an extended laser-gas molecules interaction path within the sensor's setup, which enabled it to efficiently detect ethane at 2996.88 cm−1. Benefiting from the unique guidance properties of the ARHCF, the sensor reached a minimum detection limit of 670 parts-per-trillion by volume for 14 s integration time, which is at a level comparable to the bulk optics-based systems utilizing more complex detection techniques or multipass cells with tens of meters long optical path lengths. The obtained results confirm that ARHCF-based gas sensors can successfully compete with or even outperform bulk optics-based mid-IR gas sensor configurations. The obtained results show the potential for the development of novel, low-volume, compact, and reliable types of gas detectors allowing precise analysis of various gaseous substances at their trace concentration level.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107638
JournalOptics and Laser Technology
Early online date10 Nov 2021
Publication statusPublished - 31 Mar 2022


  • Antiresonant hollow-core fiber
  • Fiber sensors
  • Laser-based gas sensing
  • Wavelength modulation spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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