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In this work, we present the first demonstration of a gas sensor utilizing the Wavelength Modulation Spectroscopy technique and a mid-IR guiding Antiresonant Hollow-Core Fiber with a record length of 30 m. The self-fabricated ARHCF was used as an air-tight, low-volume absorption cell delivering an extended laser-gas molecules interaction path within the sensor's setup, which enabled it to efficiently detect ethane at 2996.88 cm−1. Benefiting from the unique guidance properties of the ARHCF, the sensor reached a minimum detection limit of 670 parts-per-trillion by volume for 14 s integration time, which is at a level comparable to the bulk optics-based systems utilizing more complex detection techniques or multipass cells with tens of meters long optical path lengths. The obtained results confirm that ARHCF-based gas sensors can successfully compete with or even outperform bulk optics-based mid-IR gas sensor configurations. The obtained results show the potential for the development of novel, low-volume, compact, and reliable types of gas detectors allowing precise analysis of various gaseous substances at their trace concentration level.
- Antiresonant hollow-core fiber
- Fiber sensors
- Laser-based gas sensing
- Wavelength modulation spectroscopy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
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- 1 Finished
1/11/15 → 31/10/18
Project: Research council