Intracellular content of the endogenous chromophore protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) can be modulated by administration of the haem precursor delta-aminolevulinic acid (ALA). Exogenous addition of ALA effectively bypasses the rate limiting ALA synthesis step in the haem biosynthetic pathway leading to the accumulation of PPIX. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between PPM concentration and the level of inactivation of cultured human lymphoblastoid cells in order to determine if the basal PPIX content of these cells determines the level of inactivation by WA. From the relationship between inactivation rate constants at each PPIX concentration an estimate was made of the basal level of PPIX that would be necessary to mediate significant cell death by UVA radiation. It is concluded that the basal content of PPM is insufficient to make a major contribution to the WA inactivation of these lymphoblastoid cells.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Radiation Protection Dosimetry|
|Publication status||Published - 2000|