Structural variation in silver acetylide complexes: Syntheses and X-ray structure determinations of [Ph3PAgC≡CPh]4·3.5THF and [Me3PAgC≡CSiMe3]

Claudia Brasse, Paul R. Raithby, Moira Ann Rennie, Christopher A. Russell, Alexander Steiner, Dominic S. Wright

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


[Ph3PAgC≡CPh]4·3.5THF (2) can be prepared by the reaction of CpAgPPh3 (1) with lithium phenylacetylide (1:1 equiv). Similarly [Me3PAgC≡CSiMe3] (4) can be prepared by the reaction of CpAgPMe3 (3) and lithium (trimethylsilyl)acetylide (1:1 equiv). Both complexes have been characterized by elemental analyses, solid-state IR spectroscopy, 1H and 31P NMR spectroscopy, and low-temperature X-ray diffraction studies. The structure of 2 consists of a tetranuclear "flat-butterfly" core, with the two "hinge" silver atoms σ-bonded to two acetylide fragments, which then π-complex the apical Ag(PPh3)2 fragments. In 4, the smaller steric bulk of the phosphine employed allows this complex to crystallize as a polymer. Rather than being constructed from simple [R3PAg(acetylide)] units, both 2 and 4 are formed by the aggregation of (acetylide)2Ag- and Ag(PR3)2+ fragments. The preparation of complexes 2 and 4 demonstrates the synthetic utility of nucleophilic substitution of CpAgPR3 in the synthesis of Ag organometallics. The different structural alternatives adopted by 2 and 4 point to the steric bulk of the phosphine ligands being the major influence on the structure of Ag acetylide complexes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)639-644
Number of pages6
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry
  • Inorganic Chemistry

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