Structural Intervention Time Series Analysis of Crime Rates: The Impact of Sentence Reform in Virginia

Sunčica Vujić, Jacques Commandeur, Siem Jan Koopman

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

Abstract

We adopt a structural time series analysis to investigate the impact of parole abolition and sentence reform in Virginia on reported crime rates. The Commonwealth of Virginia abolished parole and reformed sentencing for all felony offences committed on or after January 1, 1995. To examine the impact of Virginia’s change in legislation on reported crime rates from 1995 onwards, we perform an intervention time series analysis based on structural time series models. We empirically find that the change in legislation has significantly reduced the burglary rates and to a lesser extent the murder rates in Virginia. For other violent crimes such as rape and aggravated assault the evidence of a significant reduction in crime rates is less evident or is not found. This empirical study for Virginia also provides an illustration of how an effective intervention time series analysis can be carried out in crime studies.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAmsterdam
PublisherTinbergen Institute Discussion Papers
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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crime rate
time series analysis
reform
legislation
offense
violent crime
structural analysis
assault
rape
homicide
time series
evidence

Cite this

Vujić, S., Commandeur, J., & Koopman, S. J. (2012). Structural Intervention Time Series Analysis of Crime Rates: The Impact of Sentence Reform in Virginia. Amsterdam: Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers.

Structural Intervention Time Series Analysis of Crime Rates: The Impact of Sentence Reform in Virginia. / Vujić, Sunčica; Commandeur, Jacques; Koopman, Siem Jan.

Amsterdam : Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, 2012.

Research output: Working paperDiscussion paper

Vujić, S, Commandeur, J & Koopman, SJ 2012 'Structural Intervention Time Series Analysis of Crime Rates: The Impact of Sentence Reform in Virginia' Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, Amsterdam.
Vujić S, Commandeur J, Koopman SJ. Structural Intervention Time Series Analysis of Crime Rates: The Impact of Sentence Reform in Virginia. Amsterdam: Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers. 2012.
Vujić, Sunčica ; Commandeur, Jacques ; Koopman, Siem Jan. / Structural Intervention Time Series Analysis of Crime Rates: The Impact of Sentence Reform in Virginia. Amsterdam : Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers, 2012.
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