Structural correlations in the generation of polaron pairs in low-bandgap polymers for photovoltaics

Raphael Tautz, Enrico Da Como, Thomas Limmer, Jochen Feldmann, Hans-Joachim Egelhaaf, Elizabeth Von Hauff, Vincent Lemaur, David Beljonne, Seyfullah Yilmaz, Ines Dumsch, Sybille Allard, Ullrich Scherf

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Polymeric semiconductors are materials where unique optical and electronic properties often originate from a tailored chemical structure. This allows for synthesizing conjugated macromolecules with ad hoc functionalities for organic electronics. In photovoltaics, donor–acceptor co-polymers, with moieties of different electron affinity alternating on the chain, have attracted considerable interest. The low bandgap offers optimal light-harvesting characteristics and has inspired work towards record power conversion efficiencies. Here we show for the first time how the chemical structure of donor and acceptor moieties controls the photogeneration of polaron pairs. We show that co-polymers with strong acceptors show large yields of polaron pair formation up to 24% of the initial photoexcitations as compared with a homopolymer (η=8%). π-conjugated spacers, separating the donor and acceptor centre of masses, have the beneficial role of increasing the recombination time. The results provide useful input into the understanding of polaron pair photogeneration in low-bandgap co-polymers for photovoltaics.
LanguageEnglish
Article number970
Number of pages8
JournalNature Communications
Volume3
DOIs
StatusPublished - 24 Jul 2012

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Gene Conversion
Polymers
Energy gap
polymers
Electron affinity
Semiconductors
Photoexcitation
electron affinity
Homopolymerization
photoexcitation
Macromolecules
electronics
macromolecules
Electronic properties
spacers
Genetic Recombination
Conversion efficiency
center of mass
Electronic equipment
Optical properties

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Structural correlations in the generation of polaron pairs in low-bandgap polymers for photovoltaics. / Tautz, Raphael; Da Como, Enrico; Limmer, Thomas; Feldmann, Jochen; Egelhaaf, Hans-Joachim; Von Hauff, Elizabeth; Lemaur, Vincent; Beljonne, David; Yilmaz, Seyfullah; Dumsch, Ines; Allard, Sybille; Scherf, Ullrich.

In: Nature Communications, Vol. 3, 970, 24.07.2012.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tautz, R, Da Como, E, Limmer, T, Feldmann, J, Egelhaaf, H-J, Von Hauff, E, Lemaur, V, Beljonne, D, Yilmaz, S, Dumsch, I, Allard, S & Scherf, U 2012, 'Structural correlations in the generation of polaron pairs in low-bandgap polymers for photovoltaics', Nature Communications, vol. 3, 970. https://doi.org/10.1038/ncomms1967
Tautz, Raphael ; Da Como, Enrico ; Limmer, Thomas ; Feldmann, Jochen ; Egelhaaf, Hans-Joachim ; Von Hauff, Elizabeth ; Lemaur, Vincent ; Beljonne, David ; Yilmaz, Seyfullah ; Dumsch, Ines ; Allard, Sybille ; Scherf, Ullrich. / Structural correlations in the generation of polaron pairs in low-bandgap polymers for photovoltaics. In: Nature Communications. 2012 ; Vol. 3.
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