Structural capacity of rammed earth in compression

V Maniatidis, Pete Walker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  • 53 Citations

Abstract

Rammed earth walls are formed by compacting subsoil in thin layers inside temporary supporting formwork. An ancient form of construction, rammed earth has in recent years, together with other earth building methods, been increasingly used structurally in a range of contemporary buildings in many countries around the world. Though current structural design procedures for earth walls, including rammed earth, in general use provisions based on structural masonry standards, this approach has never been satisfactorily validated. This paper presents experimental results from material and large-scale testing and develops a simple theoretical model, applied to rammed earth columns subject to concentric and eccentric axial compression loading. An analytical model, using a basic strut theory, shows favorable correlation with the experimental results for all load eccentricities.
LanguageEnglish
Pages230-238
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials in Civil Engineering
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatusPublished - Mar 2008

Fingerprint

Earth (planet)
Axial compression
Struts
Structural design
Analytical models
Testing

Cite this

Structural capacity of rammed earth in compression. / Maniatidis, V; Walker, Pete.

In: Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering, Vol. 20, No. 3, 03.2008, p. 230-238.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{bbcb96f5e9dc4f9ab962e533651d0176,
title = "Structural capacity of rammed earth in compression",
abstract = "Rammed earth walls are formed by compacting subsoil in thin layers inside temporary supporting formwork. An ancient form of construction, rammed earth has in recent years, together with other earth building methods, been increasingly used structurally in a range of contemporary buildings in many countries around the world. Though current structural design procedures for earth walls, including rammed earth, in general use provisions based on structural masonry standards, this approach has never been satisfactorily validated. This paper presents experimental results from material and large-scale testing and develops a simple theoretical model, applied to rammed earth columns subject to concentric and eccentric axial compression loading. An analytical model, using a basic strut theory, shows favorable correlation with the experimental results for all load eccentricities.",
author = "V Maniatidis and Pete Walker",
year = "2008",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2008)20:3(230)",
language = "English",
volume = "20",
pages = "230--238",
journal = "ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering",
issn = "0899-1561",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Structural capacity of rammed earth in compression

AU - Maniatidis,V

AU - Walker,Pete

PY - 2008/3

Y1 - 2008/3

N2 - Rammed earth walls are formed by compacting subsoil in thin layers inside temporary supporting formwork. An ancient form of construction, rammed earth has in recent years, together with other earth building methods, been increasingly used structurally in a range of contemporary buildings in many countries around the world. Though current structural design procedures for earth walls, including rammed earth, in general use provisions based on structural masonry standards, this approach has never been satisfactorily validated. This paper presents experimental results from material and large-scale testing and develops a simple theoretical model, applied to rammed earth columns subject to concentric and eccentric axial compression loading. An analytical model, using a basic strut theory, shows favorable correlation with the experimental results for all load eccentricities.

AB - Rammed earth walls are formed by compacting subsoil in thin layers inside temporary supporting formwork. An ancient form of construction, rammed earth has in recent years, together with other earth building methods, been increasingly used structurally in a range of contemporary buildings in many countries around the world. Though current structural design procedures for earth walls, including rammed earth, in general use provisions based on structural masonry standards, this approach has never been satisfactorily validated. This paper presents experimental results from material and large-scale testing and develops a simple theoretical model, applied to rammed earth columns subject to concentric and eccentric axial compression loading. An analytical model, using a basic strut theory, shows favorable correlation with the experimental results for all load eccentricities.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=39549106482&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2008)20:3(230)

U2 - 10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2008)20:3(230)

DO - 10.1061/(ASCE)0899-1561(2008)20:3(230)

M3 - Article

VL - 20

SP - 230

EP - 238

JO - ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering

T2 - ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering

JF - ASCE Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering

SN - 0899-1561

IS - 3

ER -