Structural and synthetic insights on oxidative homocouplings of alkynes mediated by alkali-metal manganates

Pasquale Mastropierro, Andrew W.J. Platten, Alan R. Kennedy, Eva Hevia, Marina Uzelac

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Abstract

Exploiting bimetallic cooperation alkali-metal manganate (II) complexes can efficiently promote oxidative homocoupling of terminal alkynes furnishing an array of conjugated 1,3-diynes. The influence of the alkali-metal on these C−C bond forming processes has been studied by preparing and structurally characterizing the alkali-metal tetra(alkyl) manganates [(TMEDA)2Na2Mn(CH2SiMe3)4] and [(PMDETA)2K2Mn(CH2SiMe3)4]. Reactivity studies using phenylacetylene as a model substrate have revealed that for the homocoupling to take place initial metalation of the alkyne is required. In this regard, the lack of basicity of neutral Mn(CH2SiMe3)2 precludes the formation of the diyne. Contrastingly, the tetra(alkyl) alkali-metal manganates behave as polybasic reagents, being able to easily deprotonate phenylacetylene yielding [{(THF)4Na2Mn(C≡CPh)4}] and [(THF)4Li2Mn(C≡CPh)4]. Controlled exposure of [{(THF)4Na2Mn(C≡CPh)4}] and [(THF)4Li2Mn(C≡CPh)4] to dry air confirmed their intermediary in formation of 1,4-diphenyl-1,3-butadiyne in excellent yields. While the Na/Mn(II) partnership proved to be the most efficient in stoichiometric transformations, under catalytic regimes, the combination of MC≡CAr (M= Li, Na) and MnCl2 (6 mol %) only works for lithium, most likely due to the degradation of alkynylsodiums under the aerobic reaction conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202300593
Number of pages8
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Volume29
Issue number33
Early online date27 Apr 2023
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2023

Data Availability Statement

The data that support the findings of this study are available in the supplementary material of this article.

Keywords

  • 1,3-diynes
  • alkali-metal effect
  • homocoupling
  • manganates
  • metal - metal cooperativity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry

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