Stressors faced by commanders in three operational environments: the Gulf, Bosnia, and Northern Ireland

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter or section


The findings reported in this chapter are extracted from a series of studies conducted since 1993 by the author and Major General Keith Spacie. These studies have focused on the stressors experienced by senior British Army commanders in three operational environments: the Gulf War, Bosnia—Herzegovina1 (during humanitarian and peace support operations), and Northern Ireland (in preceasefire and non-ceasefire periods). Of interest are the stressors’ effects on decision-making processes and on command effectiveness. By recording the commanders’ experiences in these environments, the problems they encounter, and the methods they use to overcome those problems, we hope to discover ways to improve the practice of command. This research aims to increase understanding of the challenges faced by commanders in different operational context, including the characteristics that commanders need in order to be effective.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Human in Command
Subtitle of host publicationExploring the Modern Military Experience
EditorsC. McCann, R. Pigeau
Place of PublicationNew York, U. S. A.
PublisherKluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
ISBN (Print)9780306463662
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Bibliographical note

Times Cited: 0 Breakwell, GM Proceedings Paper NATO Workshop on the Human in Command Jun 08-12, 1998 Kingston, jamaica 233 spring st, new york, ny 10013 usa


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