Streamlined assessment to assist in the design of internet-of-things (IoT) enabled products: A case study of the smart fridge

Elies Dekoninck, Francesca Barbaccia

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

7 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

This paper shows how designers of IoT-enabled products can assess the environmental impacts associated with the user behaviour and the service system around the product. High-quality secondary data and a user-behaviour survey were able to highlight critical aspects of a smart fridge's design. A streamlined LCA looked at just the in-use phase of the product within 4 PSS scenarios. The system included: the effects on the food waste; grocery shopping methods; fridge door openings; and how the users interact with the smart fridge features. The results show that a smart fridge as within a PSS can reduce the impact on the environment (GWP of 21,700 kg CO2-eq within the 'average PSS scenario' and GWP of 23,100 kg CO2-eq for the normal fridge with 'typical scenario'). The product's increased emissions are counteracted by the reduction in GWP due to: reduction in food waste; and shifts from brick-and-mortar grocery shopping to e-commerce. Therefore some of the critical aspects of the product's design that are most influential on the environmental impact of an IoT fridge are: the design of the web-browsing capability; and the use-by date tracking system.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3721-3730
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design (ICED 2017)
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Jul 2019
EventInternational Conference on Engineering Design - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 5 Aug 20198 Aug 2019
Conference number: 22
https://www.iced19.org

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