Streamlined assessment to assist in the design of internet-of-things (IoT) enabled products: A case study of the smart fridge

Elies Dekoninck, Francesca Barbaccia

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper shows how designers of IoT-enabled products can assess the environmental impacts associated with the user behaviour and the service system around the product. High-quality secondary data and a user-behaviour survey were able to highlight critical aspects of a smart fridge's design. A streamlined LCA looked at just the in-use phase of the product within 4 PSS scenarios. The system included: the effects on the food waste; grocery shopping methods; fridge door openings; and how the users interact with the smart fridge features. The results show that a smart fridge as within a PSS can reduce the impact on the environment (GWP of 21,700 kg CO2-eq within the 'average PSS scenario' and GWP of 23,100 kg CO2-eq for the normal fridge with 'typical scenario'). The product's increased emissions are counteracted by the reduction in GWP due to: reduction in food waste; and shifts from brick-and-mortar grocery shopping to e-commerce. Therefore some of the critical aspects of the product's design that are most influential on the environmental impact of an IoT fridge are: the design of the web-browsing capability; and the use-by date tracking system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3721-3730
Number of pages10
JournalProceedings of the International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED
Volume1
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2019
Event22nd International Conference on Engineering Design, ICED 2019 - Delft, Netherlands
Duration: 5 Aug 20198 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • (IoT) Enabled Products
  • Case study
  • Ecodesign
  • Product-Service Systems (PSS)
  • Streamlined LCA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Modelling and Simulation

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