Strain rate and temperature dependence of short/unidirectional carbon fibre PEEK hybrid composites

James James Pheysey, Francesco De Cola, Antonio Pellegrino, Francisca Martinez-Hergueta

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Short fibre and hybrid carbon fibre PEEK composite materials were tested in tension and compression under quasi-static and high strain rate conditions to observe the strain rate dependence. Multiple temperatures including room temperature, +85 and −50 °C were used to investigate the temperature dependence of the materials. The hybrid laminate comprised a consolidated short fibre core reinforced with outer UD plies in the 0°orientation to provide maximum reinforcement whilst minimising the quantity of expensive UD composite used. Under compression, the beneficial effect of the hybridisation strategy was observed for all high-strain rate testing conditions, where the hybrid laminate outperformed the response of the individual constituents in terms of strength and strain rate dependency. The outer unidirectional (UD) layers contributed to confining the short fibre core, providing superior structural integrity. Under tension, the response was dominated by the UD layers with a 288% increase in strength at room temperature over the short fibre material. However, in the high temperature quasi-static case, the strength was dramatically reduced, by 64%, due to the debonding of the UD reinforcement. This study shows the suitability of hybrid composites for impulsive applications and provides material parameters for the future design of composite structures subjected to impact events.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111080
JournalComposites Part B: Engineering
Early online date27 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - 31 Jan 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Automotive Engineering


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