In this paper, we investigate a generalized model of N particles undergoing second-order nonlocal interactions on a lattice. Our results have applications across many research areas, including the modeling of migration, information dynamics, and Muller's ratchet—the irreversible accumulation of deleterious mutations in an evolving population. Strikingly, numerical simulations of the model are observed to deviate significantly from its mean-field approximation even for large population sizes. We show that the disagreement between deterministic and stochastic solutions stems from finite-size effects that change the propagation speed and cause the position of the wave to fluctuate. These effects are shown to decay anomalously as (ln N)-2 and (ln N)-3, respectively—much slower than the usual N-1/2 factor. Our results suggest that the accumulation of deleterious mutations in a Muller's ratchet and the loss of awareness in a population may occur much faster than predicted by the corresponding deterministic models. The general applicability of our model suggests that this unexpected scaling could be important in a wide range of real-world applications.
|Journal||Physical Review E|
|Publication status||Published - 18 Jan 2023|