We developed an in situ coordination-driven spatially confined strategy for preparing near-infrared emissive gold nanoclusters encapsulated by fluorinated polymers (AuNCs@PF, λmax = 810 nm) with good stability and high quantum yields (27.7%), far higher than those previously reported for NIR AuNCs (>800 nm). Based on the stepwise enhancements including long blood circulation-induced passive tumor targeting, fluoro-enhanced tumor permeation, and tumor microenvironment (weak acid)-induced aggregation retention in cells, these AuNCs demonstrated bright and stable NIR fluorescence imaging ability in tumors. Additionally, the AuNCs@PF were capable of fluorine magnetic resonance imaging and computed tomographic imaging. The multimodal imaging of tumor-bearing mice clearly implied the potential of AuNCs@PF in biomedical fields.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry