Stephen Hymer's contribution to international business scholarship: an assessment and extension

John H Dunning, Christos N Pitelis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

50 Citations (Scopus)


We assess Stephen Hymer's contribution to the theory of the multinational enterprise and to international business (IB) scholarship. We focus on Hymer's evolving analytical framework, and assess it in terms of its internal consistency and in the light of the shifting global landscape and scholarly thinking. We also extend Hymer's framework, revisit his predictions, and conclude by questioning his canonical status within the IB profession.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-176
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008


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