Abstract

Wheat straw, in the form of compacted bales, is increasingly used as thermal insulation in the external walls of buildings. Common practice is to use a render finish, applied directly to surface of the straw bales, to protect them from decay, and enhance structural performance and fire resistance. Coatings are typically made of water vapour permeable materials, such as lime or earth-based renders. Such coatings should allow water vapour to diffuse through, minimising the risk of liquid moisture build up within the thickness of the wall, reducing likelihood of decay. However, to date there has been very limited scientific study of this behaviour in rendered straw bale walls. The aim of the work presented in this paper was to develop understanding of the hygrothermal performance of lime rendered wheat straw bales. A test panel was subjected to varying environmental conditions, including a thermal shock, dynamic freeze−thaw exposure and hot humid conditions. Key scientific contributions of this work include data on the dynamic and steady-state hygrothermal characteristics wheat straw bale walls, combined with the application of heat and moisture modelling. This work will further support uptake of straw bale construction by designers and their wider use in energy-efficient construction projects.
LanguageEnglish
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials
Volume172
Issue number1
Early online date2019
DOIs
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2019

Cite this

@article{3ade656045de471ca9a82d22b4b767f5,
title = "Steady state and dynamic hygrothermal performance of rendered straw bale walls",
abstract = "Wheat straw, in the form of compacted bales, is increasingly used as thermal insulation in the external walls of buildings. Common practice is to use a render finish, applied directly to surface of the straw bales, to protect them from decay, and enhance structural performance and fire resistance. Coatings are typically made of water vapour permeable materials, such as lime or earth-based renders. Such coatings should allow water vapour to diffuse through, minimising the risk of liquid moisture build up within the thickness of the wall, reducing likelihood of decay. However, to date there has been very limited scientific study of this behaviour in rendered straw bale walls. The aim of the work presented in this paper was to develop understanding of the hygrothermal performance of lime rendered wheat straw bales. A test panel was subjected to varying environmental conditions, including a thermal shock, dynamic freeze−thaw exposure and hot humid conditions. Key scientific contributions of this work include data on the dynamic and steady-state hygrothermal characteristics wheat straw bale walls, combined with the application of heat and moisture modelling. This work will further support uptake of straw bale construction by designers and their wider use in energy-efficient construction projects.",
author = "Andrew Thomson and Kris Dick and Peter Walker",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1680/jcoma.18.00054",
language = "English",
volume = "172",
journal = "Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials",
issn = "1747-650X",
publisher = "Thomas Telford (ICE Publishing)",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Steady state and dynamic hygrothermal performance of rendered straw bale walls

AU - Thomson, Andrew

AU - Dick, Kris

AU - Walker, Peter

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Wheat straw, in the form of compacted bales, is increasingly used as thermal insulation in the external walls of buildings. Common practice is to use a render finish, applied directly to surface of the straw bales, to protect them from decay, and enhance structural performance and fire resistance. Coatings are typically made of water vapour permeable materials, such as lime or earth-based renders. Such coatings should allow water vapour to diffuse through, minimising the risk of liquid moisture build up within the thickness of the wall, reducing likelihood of decay. However, to date there has been very limited scientific study of this behaviour in rendered straw bale walls. The aim of the work presented in this paper was to develop understanding of the hygrothermal performance of lime rendered wheat straw bales. A test panel was subjected to varying environmental conditions, including a thermal shock, dynamic freeze−thaw exposure and hot humid conditions. Key scientific contributions of this work include data on the dynamic and steady-state hygrothermal characteristics wheat straw bale walls, combined with the application of heat and moisture modelling. This work will further support uptake of straw bale construction by designers and their wider use in energy-efficient construction projects.

AB - Wheat straw, in the form of compacted bales, is increasingly used as thermal insulation in the external walls of buildings. Common practice is to use a render finish, applied directly to surface of the straw bales, to protect them from decay, and enhance structural performance and fire resistance. Coatings are typically made of water vapour permeable materials, such as lime or earth-based renders. Such coatings should allow water vapour to diffuse through, minimising the risk of liquid moisture build up within the thickness of the wall, reducing likelihood of decay. However, to date there has been very limited scientific study of this behaviour in rendered straw bale walls. The aim of the work presented in this paper was to develop understanding of the hygrothermal performance of lime rendered wheat straw bales. A test panel was subjected to varying environmental conditions, including a thermal shock, dynamic freeze−thaw exposure and hot humid conditions. Key scientific contributions of this work include data on the dynamic and steady-state hygrothermal characteristics wheat straw bale walls, combined with the application of heat and moisture modelling. This work will further support uptake of straw bale construction by designers and their wider use in energy-efficient construction projects.

U2 - 10.1680/jcoma.18.00054

DO - 10.1680/jcoma.18.00054

M3 - Article

VL - 172

JO - Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials

T2 - Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials

JF - Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers: Construction Materials

SN - 1747-650X

IS - 1

ER -