Standards and inference of design information in through-life costing of innovative defence electronic products

W M Cheung, R Marsh, L B Newnes, A R Mileham, J D Lanham

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)


Through-life costing (TLC) is a term used in cost estimation for costing a product from its conception to the end-of-life. However, there seems to be no common representation of the terminologies in the various stages of TLC. This paper reports the findings of research into TLC practices for defence electronic products and includes the terms and elements used in the TLC methods. The terminologies used for this research are adopted from the International Organisation for Standardisation. (ISO), including ISO 15288 and ISO 10303 Application Protocols 233 and 239. A TLC spectrum diagram representing how design information is inferred to support the application of top-down and bottom-up approaches is also discussed. A case study focused on the concept and the development stages of design is presented and is followed by suggestions oil how the proposed method can be applied to the succeeding stages of manufacturing, in-service, and disposal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)169-181
Number of pages13
JournalProceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part B: Journal of Engineering Manufacture
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2009



  • ISO standards
  • through-life costing
  • electronic
  • defence products
  • design information

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