Spatially Resolved MaNGA Observations of the Host Galaxy of Superluminous Supernova 2017egm

Ting-Wan Chen, Patricia Schady, Lin Xiao, J.~J. Eldridge, Tassilo Schweyer, Chien-Hsiu Lee, Po-Chieh Yu, Stephen J. Smartt, Cosimo Inserra

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Superluminous supernovae (SLSNe) are found predominantly in dwarf galaxies, indicating that their progenitors have a low metallicity. However, the most nearby SLSN to date, SN 2017egm, occurred in the spiral galaxy NGC 3191, which has a relatively high stellar mass and correspondingly high metallicity. In this Letter, we present detailed analysis of the nearby environment of SN 2017egm using MaNGA IFU data, which provides spectral data on kiloparsec scales. From the velocity map we find no evidence that SN 2017egm occurred within some intervening satellite galaxy, and at the SN position most metallicity diagnostics yield a solar and above solar metallicity ($12+\mathrm{log}({\rm{O}}/{\rm{H}})\sim 8.8\mbox{--}9.1$). Additionally, we measure a small Hα equivalent width (EW) at the SN position of just 34 Å, which is one of the lowest EWs measured at any SLSN or gamma-ray burst position, and indicative of the progenitor star being comparatively old. We also compare the observed properties of NGC 3191 with other SLSN host galaxies. The solar-metallicity environment at the position of SN 2017egm presents a challenge to our theoretical understanding, and our spatially resolved spectral analysis provides further constraints on the progenitors of SLSNe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)L4
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Publication statusPublished - 30 Oct 2017


  • galaxies: general, galaxies: individual: NGC 3191, supernovae: general, supernovae: individual: SN 2017egm, Astrophysics - Astrophysics of Galaxies, Astrophysics - High Energy Astrophysical Phenomena, Astrophysics - Solar and Stellar Astrophysics


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