Source modeling and spectral analysis of the Crete tsunami of 2nd May 2020 along the Hellenic Subduction Zone, offshore Greece

Mohammad Heidarzadeh, Aditya Riadi Gusman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (SciVal)

Abstract

Tsunami hazard in the Eastern Mediterranean Basin (EMB) has attracted attention following three tsunamis in this basin since 2017 namely the July 2017 and October 2020 Turkey/Greece and the May 2020 offshore Crete Island (Greece) tsunamis. Unique behavior is seen from tsunamis in the EMB due to its comparatively small size and confined nature which causes several wave reflections and oscillations. Here, we studied the May 2020 event using sea level data and by applying spectral analysis, tsunami source inversion, and numerical modeling. The maximum tsunami zero-to-crest amplitudes were measured 15.2 cm and 6.5 cm at two near-field tide gauge stations installed in Ierapetra and Kasos ports (Greece), respectively. The dominant tsunami period band was 3.8–4.7 min. We developed a heterogeneous fault model having a maximum slip of 0.64 m and an average slip of 0.28 m. This model gives a seismic moment of 1.13 × 1019 Nm; equivalent to Mw 6.67. We observed three distinct wave trains on the wave record of the Ierapetra tide gauge: the first and the second wave trains carry waves with periods close to the source period of the tsunami, while the third train is made of a significantly-different period of 5–10 min.[Figure not available: see fulltext.].

Original languageEnglish
Article number74
JournalEarth, Planets and Space
Volume73
Issue number1
Early online date18 Mar 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
MH is funded by the Royal Society, the United Kingdom, grant number CHL\R1\180173.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Earthquake hazards
  • Fourier analysis
  • Numerical modelling
  • Subduction zone processes
  • Tsunamis
  • Waveform inversion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology
  • Space and Planetary Science

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