Sono-photo-degradation of Carbamazepine in a thin falling film reactor: operation costs in pilot plant

Antonio Jose Exposito Serrano, D. A. Patterson, J. M. Monteagudo, A. Durán

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The photo-Fenton degradation of carbamazepine (CBZ) assisted with ultrasound radiation (US/UV/H2O2/Fe) was tested in a lab thin film reactor allowing high TOC removals (89% in 35 minutes). The synergism between the UV process and the sonolytic one was quantified as 55.2%.

To test the applicability of this reactor for industrial purposes, the sono-photo-degradation of CBZ was also tested in a thin film pilot plant reactor and compared with a 28 L UV-C conventional pilot plant and with a solar Collector Parabolic Compound (CPC). At a pilot plant scale, a US/UV/H2O2/Fe process reaching 60% of mineralization would cost 2.1 and 3.8 €/m3 for the conventional and thin film plant respectively. The use of ultrasound (US) produces an extra generation of hydroxyl radicals, thus increasing the mineralization rate.

In the solar process, electric consumption accounts for a maximum of 33% of total costs. Thus, for a TOC removal of 80%, the cost of this treatment is about 1.36 €/m3. However, the efficiency of the solar installation decreases in cloudy days and can not be used during night, so that a limited flow rate can be treated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-503
JournalUltrasonics Sonochemistry
Early online date23 Jun 2016
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017


  • CPC
  • economics
  • pilot plant
  • ultrasound
  • UV


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