Sono-cathodic stripping voltammetry of lead at a polished boron-doped diamond electrode: Application to the determination of lead in river sediment

Andrew J. Saterlay, César Agra-Gutiérrez, Mark P. Taylor, Frank Marken, Richard G. Compton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

80 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Ultrasonically-assisted cathodic stripping voltammetry at a boron-doped diamond electrode, has been developed for the detection of lead. At concentrations above 3 μM, linear sweep voltammetry was used to give the analytical signal from a cathodic strip of electrodeposited PbO2; linearity was observed from 3-100 μM, with 3 μM being the lower detection limit. Square-wave voltammetry was then employed for the cathodic stripping step, to lower the detection limits of the technique while retaining linearity to the order of 10-8M. The procedure involves ultrasonic electrode cleaning, cathodic preconditioning and sono-anodic deposition of PbO2. This novel analytical tool is mercury-free, oxygen insensitive and highly specific towards lead, yet still offers scope for further elemental diversity, particularly for the detection of copper and iron. The square-wave sono-cathodic stripping voltammetry technique was combined with an ultrasonically assisted acid digestion protocol to successfully determine the lead content of a contaminated sample of river sediment, offering significant time saving over the currently used analytical procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1083-1088
Number of pages6
JournalElectroanalysis
Volume11
Issue number15
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1999

Keywords

  • Boron-doped diamond
  • Lead
  • River sediment
  • Sono-cathodic stripping voltammetry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry

Cite this