Solitons in Bose-Einstein Condensates with Helicoidal Spin-Orbit Coupling

Yaroslav V. Kartashov, Vladimir V. Konotop

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81 Citations (SciVal)


We report on the existence and stability of freely moving solitons in a spatially inhomogeneous Bose-Einstein condensate with helicoidal spin-orbit (SO) coupling. In spite of the periodically varying parameters, the system allows for the existence of stable propagating solitons. Such states are found in the rotating frame, where the helicoidal SO coupling is reduced to a homogeneous one. In the absence of the Zeeman splitting, the coupled Gross-Pitaevskii equations describing localized states feature many properties of the integrable systems. In particular, four-parametric families of solitons can be obtained in the exact form. Such solitons interact elastically. Zeeman splitting still allows for the existence of two families of moving solitons, but makes collisions of solitons inelastic.

Original languageEnglish
Article number190401
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 11 May 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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