Solid-state materials for clean energy: Insights from atomic-scale modeling

M Saiful Islam, P R Slater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fundamental advances in solid-state ionics for energy conversion and storage are crucial in addressing the global challenge of cleaner energy sources. This review aims to demonstrate the valuable role that modern computational techniques now play in providing deeper fundamental insight into materials for solid oxide fuel cells and rechargeable lithium batteries. The scope of contemporary work is illustrated by studies on topical materials encompassing perovskite-type proton conductors, gallium oxides with tetrahedral moieties, apatite-type silicates, and lithium iron phosphates. Key fundamental properties are examined, including mechanisms of ion migration, dopant-defect association, and surface structures and crystal morphologies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)935-941
Number of pages7
JournalMRS Bulletin
Volume34
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2009

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