Social barriers to the adoption of smart homes

Nazmiye Balta-Ozkan, Rosemary Davidson, Martha Bicket, Lorraine Whitmarsh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

421 Citations (SciVal)


The aim of this paper is to explore social barriers to the adoption of smart homes through the analysis of expert views and public attitudes. Smart home services aim to improve the comfort, convenience and safety of householders, as well as allowing them to use energy more efficiently and cope with increasing costs. Despite the existence of smart homes and smart home technologies for some time, their prevalence is not widespread, and thus their potential largely untapped. Using a combination of in-depth deliberative public workshops, expert interviews and a review of the existing literature, this paper explores social barriers to smart home diffusion, including how these vary by expertise, life-stage and location. The research highlights the importance of barriers such as control, security, and cost, providing insights for policymakers as well as smart-home designers and developers as to how these might be addressed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-374
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy Policy
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2013


  • Public perceptions
  • Smart homes
  • Social barriers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy(all)
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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