Smelling human sex hormone-like compounds affects face gender judgment of men

Gyula Kovács, Balázs Gulyás, Ivanka Savic, David I. Perrett, R. Elisabeth Cornwell, Anthony C. Little, Ben C. Jones, D. Michael Burt, Viktor Gál, Zoltán Vidnyánszky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (SciVal)


Although strong cross-sensory interactions between visual, tactile and auditory modalities have already been shown, we know little about how chemosensory information affects processing in other sensory modalities. We studied whether smelling gender-specific odorous sex hormone-like steroids: 5-α-androgenst-16-en-3-one (androgen) or oestra-1, 3, 5 (10), 16-tetraen-3-ol (estrogen) can bias face gender discrimination. We found that, as a result of inhalation of androgen, men perceive faces to be more masculine as compared to when they are exposed to estrogen. Our results provide evidence for specific cross-sensory effects of the gender-specific chemosensory cues on the categorization of visual face gender.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1275-1277
Number of pages3
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jun 2004


  • Cross-modal interaction
  • Face gender discrimination
  • Pheromones

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)


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