Smart fault detection of HTS coils using artificial intelligence techniques for large-scale superconducting electric transport applications

Mohammad Yazdani-Asrami, Lurui Fang, Xiaoze Pei, Wenjuan Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (SciVal)


Superconducting coil is an essential and critical component in any superconducting apparatus used in large-scale power applications such as in superconducting machines of propulsion systems, in fault current limiters of the distribution system for future cryo-electric aircraft, or in windings of superconducting transformers for power grid applications. The superconducting coils in winding of large-scale power devices operate in kind of harsh environments from both temperature—considering liquid hydrogen or gaseous helium as coolant—(thermal stress) and electro-magneto-mechanical stress, point of views. Reliable operation of the coils in winding is of vital importance for the reliability of the superconducting device and the safety of the application that the device is used for. If the superconducting coil confronts a fault or an abnormal condition in the laboratory-level operation, it is straightforward to test the coil by measuring its critical current, AC loss, etc, to find whether it is damaged or not. However, there would be an urgent need to have faster and more intelligent fault detection and condition monitoring approaches with the possibility to become fully autonomous and real-time, in large-scale power applications, especially in sensitive applications such as in future cryo-electric aircraft, or in the fusion industry. To reach such intelligent fault-finding approaches, artificial intelligence-based techniques have been foreseen to be a promising solution. In this paper, we have developed an intelligent fault detection technique for finding a faulty superconducting coil, named the frequency-temporal classification method. This method has two main steps: first, this paper utilizes the discrete Fourier transform and independent component analysis to convert measurement signals of the healthy and faulty coils from (1) the time-series domain to the frequency domain; and (2) into time-series source signals. Second, this paper trains the support-vector machine using the derived frequency components. This trained model is then used for making fault detection for other superconducting coils. The developed technique can classify a fault with 99.2% accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number085021
Number of pages11
JournalSuperconductor Science and Technology
Issue number8
Early online date14 Jul 2023
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Data availability statement:
All data that support the findings of this study are included
within the article (and any supplementary files).


  • artificial intelligence
  • discrete Fourier transform
  • fault
  • fault diagnostic
  • Intelligent fault detection technique
  • superconducting coil

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Materials Chemistry


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