Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) has been widely used for compressor design, yet the prediction of performance and stage matching for multistage, high-speed machines remains challenging. This paper presents the authors' effort to improve the reliability of CFD in multistage compressor simulations. The endwall features (e.g., blade filet and shape of the platform edge) are meshed with minimal approximations. Turbulence models with linear and nonlinear eddy viscosity models are assessed. The nonlinear eddy viscosity model predicts a higher production of turbulent kinetic energy in the passages, especially close to the endwall region. This results in a more accurate prediction of the choked mass flow and the shape of total pressure profiles close to the hub. The nonlinear viscosity model generally shows an improvement on its linear counterparts based on the comparisons with the rig data. For geometrical details, truncated filet leads to thicker boundary layer on the filet and reduced mass flow and efficiency. Shroud cavities are found to be essential to predict the right blockage and the flow details close to the hub. At the part speed, the computations without the shroud cavities fail to predict the major flow features in the passage, and this leads to inaccurate predictions of mass flow and shapes of the compressor characteristic. The paper demonstrates that an accurate representation of the endwall geometry and an effective turbulence model, together with a good quality and sufficiently refined grid, result in a credible prediction of compressor matching and performance with steady-state mixing planes.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Mechanical Engineering