Silver coordination networks and cages based on a semi-rigid bis(isoxazolyl) ligand

Andrew D Burrows, D J Kelly, Mary F Mahon, Paul R Raithby, C Richardson, Anna J Stevenson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (SciVal)


The semi-rigid ligand 1,4-bis((3,5-dimethylisoxazol-4-yl)methyl)benzene (bisox) reacts with a range of silver( I) salts to give products in which the anions dictate the structure. The reactions with AgNO3 and AgO2CCF3 both lead to compounds in which the anions are coordinated to the silver centres. Thus, the structure of [Ag-2(NO3)(2)(bisox)] 1 contains helical silver- nitrate chains that are linked into sheets by bridging bisox ligands, whereas the structures of [Ag(O2CCF3)(bisox)]center dot 0.5X (2a, X = MeOH; 2b, X = MeCN) consist of sheets in which Ag-2(mu-O2CCF3)(2) dimers act as 4-connecting nodes. In these structures bisox adopts the S-conformation, with the nitrogen donor atoms anti to each other. The reactions of bisox with AgClO4 and AgBF4 in methanol give the compounds [Ag-2(bisox)(3)]X-2 (3, X = ClO4; 5, X = BF4), the structures of which contain triply-interpenetrated sheets with Borromean links and ligands in the S-conformation. Recrystallisation of these compounds from acetonitrile-diethyl ether gives [Ag-2(bisox)(3)]X-2 center dot xEt(2)O (4, X = ClO4, x = 1; 6, X = BF4, x = 1.2). The structures of 4 and 6 contain similar triply-interpenetrated sheets to those in 3 and 5, though these are sandwiched between sheets of discrete Ag2( bisox) 3 cages, in which the bisox ligands are in the C-conformation, with the nitrogen donor atoms syn to each other. Diethyl ether molecules project through the faces of the cages and template cage formation. Both 4 and 6 lose diethyl ether on heating in vacuum, and convert into 3 and 5, respectively. This solid state transformation requires a change in conformation of half the bisox ligands, with conversion of 6 into 5 occurring more readily than conversion of 4 into 3. The reactions of bisox with AgPF6 and AgSbF6 in methanol give mixtures of products from which [Ag(bisox)(2)]X center dot 0.5bisox (7, X = PF6; 8, X = SbF6) can be isolated. Both 7 and 8 have structures containing one-dimensional chains, in which the bisox ligands adopt C-conformations and interconnect distorted tetrahedral silver centres in a pairwise manner generating macrocycles. Additional uncoordinated bisox molecules lie within half of these macrocyclic rings. Recrystallisation of the crude AgSbF6/bisox reaction mixture from acetonitrile-diethyl ether gives [Ag(bisox)(2)]SbF6 9, the structure of which consists of a triply-interpenetrated flattened diamondoid network. A similar structure was observed for [Ag(bisox)(2)]CF3SO3 10, which is formed from the reaction of AgO3SCF3 and bisox in methanol.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5483-5493
Number of pages11
JournalDalton Transactions
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 2011


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