Projects per year
This paper develops the notion of epistemic exclusion as a way of exploring the different types of silence and silencing that happen in English medium Rwandan classrooms. By focusing on classroom observationsof teachers’ pedagogic practices and the ways in which girls interact in the classrooms, we demonstrate how experiences of epistemic exclusion intersect with other mechanisms of marginalisation, in this case related to gendered norms and expected behaviours. Through thematic analysis of dual classroom observation schedules and video transcriptions from 32 Primary Six and Secondary Three lessons in four government schools, we have identified examples where learners’ engagement in the co-construction of language and subject knowledge was limited by classroom practices. Silence, and silencing, of girls was particularly observed in Secondary Three where reluctance to speak in class and respond to teachers’ questions, combined with lack of confidence as evidenced through body language, deprived girls from participating in spontaneous classroom talk. Conclusions discuss how silencing limits girls’ epistemic inclusion.
|Journal||Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development|
|Early online date||31 Dec 2022|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 31 Dec 2022|
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'Silence and Silencing in the classroom: Rwandan girls’ epistemic exclusion in English Medium basic education'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 1 Finished
Girls' Educational Experiences in English Medium Rwandan Basic Education
Economic and Social Research Council
1/11/18 → 28/02/22
Project: Research council