SIEMS: A Secure Intelligent Energy Management System for Industrial IoT applications

Pedram Asef, Rahim Taheri, Mohammad Shojafar, Iosif Mporas, Rahim Tafazolli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (SciVal)
124 Downloads (Pure)


Microgrids are industrial technologies that can provide energy resources for the Internet of Things (IoT) demands in smart grids. Hybrid microgrids supply quality power to the IoT devices and ensure high resiliency in supply and demand for PV-based grid-tied microgrids. In this system, the usage of predictive energy management systems (EMS) is essential to dispatch power from different resources, while the battery energy storage system (BESS) is feeding the loads. In this article, we deploy a one-day-ahead prediction algorithm using a deep neural network for a fast-response BESS in an intelligent energy management system (I-EMS) that is called SIEMS. The main role of the SIEMS is to maintain the SOC at high rates based on the one-day-ahead information about solar power, which depends on meteorological conditions. The remaining power is supplied by the main grid for sustained power streaming between BESS and end-users. Considering the usage of information and communication technology components in the microgrids, the main objective of this article is focused on the hybrid microgrid performance under cyber-physical security adversarial attacks. Fast gradient sign, basic iterative, and DeepFool methods, which are investigated for the first time in power systems e.g., smart grid and microgrids, in order to produce perturbation for training data. To secure the microgrid's SIEMS, we propose two Defence algorithms based on defensive distillation and adversarial training strategies for the first time in EMSs. We apply and evaluate these benchmark adversarial attack and Defence methods against the proposed machine learning models to increase the robustness of the models in the system against adversarial attacks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039 - 1050
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics
Issue number1
Early online date8 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023


  • Adversarial attacks
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • cyber-physical security
  • energy management
  • hybrid microgrid
  • machine learning (ML)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Information Systems
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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