Shearlet-based regularization in statistical inverse learning with an application to X-ray tomography

Tatiana Bubba, Luca Ratti

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Abstract

Statistical inverse learning theory, a field that lies at the intersection of inverse problems and statistical learning, has lately gained more and more attention. In an effort to steer this interplay more towards the variational regularization framework, convergence rates have recently been proved for a class of convex, p-homogeneous regularizers with p (1, 2], in the symmetric Bregman distance. Following this path, we take a further step towards the study of sparsity-promoting regularization and extend the aforementioned convergence rates to work with .," p -norm regularization, with p (1, 2), for a special class of non-tight Banach frames, called shearlets, and possibly constrained to some convex set. The p = 1 case is approached as the limit case (1, 2) p → 1, by complementing numerical evidence with a (partial) theoretical analysis, based on arguments from "-convergence theory. We numerically validate our theoretical results in the context of x-ray tomography, under random sampling of the imaging angles, using both simulated and measured data. This application allows to effectively verify the theoretical decay, in addition to providing a motivation for the extension to shearlet-based regularization.

Original languageEnglish
Article number054001
Pages (from-to)1-43
Number of pages44
JournalInverse Problems
Volume38
Issue number5
Early online date11 Apr 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 May 2022

Keywords

  • Bregman distance
  • convergence rates
  • convex regularization
  • shearlets
  • statistical learning
  • wavelets
  • x-ray tomography

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Signal Processing
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics

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