Shape optimization of a curved duct with free form deformations

Nicola Chiereghin, Luigi Guglielmi, Mark Savill, Enrico Manca, Aurora Rigobello, Marco Barison, Ernesto Benin

Research output: Chapter or section in a book/report/conference proceedingChapter in a published conference proceeding

10 Citations (SciVal)


The Free Form Deformation method was applied to a S-duct geometry to reduce total pressure losses and flow distortion. The deformation method was coupled with a multi-objective genetic algorithm to optimize the shape of a diffusing S-duct, which was previously investigated, both numerically and experimentally. During the optimization process, 200 deformed shapes were tested with steady-state CFD simulations and the performances were evaluated both in terms of total pressure losses and swirl angle at the outlet. It was obtained a Pareto front with a maximum total pressure losses reduction of 20% and a maximum swirl reduction of 10%. The two extreme points of the Pareto front were further investigated by transient Detached Eddy Simulations to assess also the impact of the optimization on the flow instability. Surprisingly, one of the solutions showed stable and stationary vortical structures. This is in strong contrast with the previous investigations of the flow field time history of the baseline configuration, which outlined strong oscillations of the flow field combined with a high increase of the distortion parameters in comparison with the time-averaged flow field.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication23rd AIAA Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference, 2017
PublisherAmerican Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Inc.
ISBN (Print)9781624105067
Publication statusPublished - 2017
Event23rd AIAA Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference, 2017 - Denver, USA United States
Duration: 5 Jun 20179 Jun 2017


Conference23rd AIAA Computational Fluid Dynamics Conference, 2017
Country/TerritoryUSA United States

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes
  • Aerospace Engineering


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