Self-harm prevalence and ideation in a community sample of cis, trans and other youth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Trans youth have been reported to have high rates of self-harm, suicidality and bullying, and find it difficult to seek support. However, much of this research comes from gender identity clinics and non-clinic samples and those who reject gender binaries remain under-researched.

Aims(s): This study investigated a community school-based sample of trans, Other, and cis-gendered adolescents and their experience of self-harm, suicidality, bullying and help-seeking.

Methods: An online survey was completed by 8440 13-17 year olds (3625 male, 4361 female, 227 Other, 55 Trans).

Results: There were significantly higher rates of self-harm amongst the peers of trans and Other students, and of thoughts about harming oneself. These students reported significantly higher rates of bulling and depression and significantly less support from teachers and staff at school, in fact these students did not know where to go to access help.

Discussion: This community sample confirms findings of high rates of self-harm, suicidality, depression and bullying previously reported in clinic-based samples. However, by accessing a community sample, the salience of the category ‘Other’ was established for young people today. While Other and trans identified students struggled to find support, those who identified as trans were more likely to have been bullied, and have experienced depression and thoughts of self-harm. Thus those who identify as Trans represent a high risk group that need targeted support within schools and by statutory and non-statutory community services. Unpacking the category of Other would be beneficial for future research, as well as exploring resilience within this group and intersecting identities such as sexuality, race and social class.
LanguageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Transgenderism
StatusAccepted/In press - 29 Apr 2019

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exclusion
community
student
school
gender
community service
online survey
social class
resilience
sexuality
Group
adolescent
staff
teacher
experience

Keywords

  • Transgender
  • Gender non-binary
  • self-harm
  • sucidiality
  • youth
  • community

Cite this

@article{470b7848406040d0bc0a1cf71a273816,
title = "Self-harm prevalence and ideation in a community sample of cis, trans and other youth",
abstract = "Background: Trans youth have been reported to have high rates of self-harm, suicidality and bullying, and find it difficult to seek support. However, much of this research comes from gender identity clinics and non-clinic samples and those who reject gender binaries remain under-researched.Aims(s): This study investigated a community school-based sample of trans, Other, and cis-gendered adolescents and their experience of self-harm, suicidality, bullying and help-seeking. Methods: An online survey was completed by 8440 13-17 year olds (3625 male, 4361 female, 227 Other, 55 Trans).Results: There were significantly higher rates of self-harm amongst the peers of trans and Other students, and of thoughts about harming oneself. These students reported significantly higher rates of bulling and depression and significantly less support from teachers and staff at school, in fact these students did not know where to go to access help. Discussion: This community sample confirms findings of high rates of self-harm, suicidality, depression and bullying previously reported in clinic-based samples. However, by accessing a community sample, the salience of the category ‘Other’ was established for young people today. While Other and trans identified students struggled to find support, those who identified as trans were more likely to have been bullied, and have experienced depression and thoughts of self-harm. Thus those who identify as Trans represent a high risk group that need targeted support within schools and by statutory and non-statutory community services. Unpacking the category of Other would be beneficial for future research, as well as exploring resilience within this group and intersecting identities such as sexuality, race and social class.",
keywords = "Transgender, Gender non-binary, self-harm, sucidiality, youth, community",
author = "Catherine Butler and Richard Joiner",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "29",
language = "English",
journal = "International Journal of Transgenderism",
issn = "1553-2739",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis",

}

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AU - Joiner, Richard

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N2 - Background: Trans youth have been reported to have high rates of self-harm, suicidality and bullying, and find it difficult to seek support. However, much of this research comes from gender identity clinics and non-clinic samples and those who reject gender binaries remain under-researched.Aims(s): This study investigated a community school-based sample of trans, Other, and cis-gendered adolescents and their experience of self-harm, suicidality, bullying and help-seeking. Methods: An online survey was completed by 8440 13-17 year olds (3625 male, 4361 female, 227 Other, 55 Trans).Results: There were significantly higher rates of self-harm amongst the peers of trans and Other students, and of thoughts about harming oneself. These students reported significantly higher rates of bulling and depression and significantly less support from teachers and staff at school, in fact these students did not know where to go to access help. Discussion: This community sample confirms findings of high rates of self-harm, suicidality, depression and bullying previously reported in clinic-based samples. However, by accessing a community sample, the salience of the category ‘Other’ was established for young people today. While Other and trans identified students struggled to find support, those who identified as trans were more likely to have been bullied, and have experienced depression and thoughts of self-harm. Thus those who identify as Trans represent a high risk group that need targeted support within schools and by statutory and non-statutory community services. Unpacking the category of Other would be beneficial for future research, as well as exploring resilience within this group and intersecting identities such as sexuality, race and social class.

AB - Background: Trans youth have been reported to have high rates of self-harm, suicidality and bullying, and find it difficult to seek support. However, much of this research comes from gender identity clinics and non-clinic samples and those who reject gender binaries remain under-researched.Aims(s): This study investigated a community school-based sample of trans, Other, and cis-gendered adolescents and their experience of self-harm, suicidality, bullying and help-seeking. Methods: An online survey was completed by 8440 13-17 year olds (3625 male, 4361 female, 227 Other, 55 Trans).Results: There were significantly higher rates of self-harm amongst the peers of trans and Other students, and of thoughts about harming oneself. These students reported significantly higher rates of bulling and depression and significantly less support from teachers and staff at school, in fact these students did not know where to go to access help. Discussion: This community sample confirms findings of high rates of self-harm, suicidality, depression and bullying previously reported in clinic-based samples. However, by accessing a community sample, the salience of the category ‘Other’ was established for young people today. While Other and trans identified students struggled to find support, those who identified as trans were more likely to have been bullied, and have experienced depression and thoughts of self-harm. Thus those who identify as Trans represent a high risk group that need targeted support within schools and by statutory and non-statutory community services. Unpacking the category of Other would be beneficial for future research, as well as exploring resilience within this group and intersecting identities such as sexuality, race and social class.

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KW - Gender non-binary

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