Self-esteem, interpersonal risk and preference for e-mail to face-to-face communication

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

126 Citations (SciVal)


The media choices made by high and low self-esteem Internet users were studied using webbased methodology (n = 265). Participants were asked to rank four media (face-to-face, e-mail, letter, and telephone) in order of preference across four different communication scenarios designed to pose an interpersonal risk. The level of interpersonal risk posed by two of the scenarios (asking for a pay rise and asking for a date) were also experimentally manipulated by randomly allocating participants to a 25%, 50%, or 75% chance of rejection. Low selfesteem users (LSE) showed a significant preference toward e-mail communication compared to high self-esteem users (HSE). This pattern was reversed for face-to-face preferences. Similarly, a greater chance of rejection in a scenario led to e-mail being preferred to face-to-face communication. The results are discussed in light of both the strategic use of different media and the motivated Internet user.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)472-478
Number of pages7
JournalCyberPsychology and Behavior
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 31 Aug 2004


Dive into the research topics of 'Self-esteem, interpersonal risk and preference for e-mail to face-to-face communication'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this